sábado, 19 de abril de 2014

LA ONDA NUEVA EN LA BLOOMSBURY ENCICLOPEDIA OF POPULAR MÚSICA OF THE WORLD.


Lo recibí de Nelsón Blanco, hermano de Hugo Blanco y bajista de su conjunto y Sicólogo. Comenzamos juntos en la UCV, Él si se graduó.
Gracias por este documento Nelsón, Un abrazo!!

HOLA ALÍ
LA BLOOMSBURY ENCICLOPEDIA OF POPULAR MÚSICA OF THE WORLD. HACE APENAS UNOS DÍAS PUBLICÓ SU NOVENA RECOPILACIÓN DE LOS GÉNEROS POPULARES DE TODO EL MUNDO. TUVE LA DICHA DE SER ELEGIDO PARA DESCRIBIR DOS RITMOS VENEZOLANOS, ESTOS SON: ONDA NUEVA Y EL RITMO ORQUIDEA. YA SALIÓ PUBLICADA LA EDICIÓN Y ME MANDARON EL MATERIAL EN PDF.
YA QUE EN LA RESEÑA DE ONDA NUEVA TU TIENES PARTE IMPORTANTE Y ESTA REFLEJADA EN LA DESCRIPCION DEL GÉNERO MUSICAL TE LA ENVÍO PARA TU RECONOCIMIENTO PROFESIONAL Y DE PASO TE PUEDES DAR UNA PELOTICA.

UN ABRAZO

nelson

BLOOMSBURY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
POPULAR MUSIC
OF THE WORLD
VOLUMES VIII – XIII: GENRES
EDITED BY DAVID HORN AND JOHN SHEPHERD
© Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2014

VOLUME IX
GENRES: CARIBBEAN AND LATIN AMERICA

Principal Editors
David Horn , Institute of Popular Music, University of Liverpool
John Shepherd , FRSC, Carleton University, Ottawa Founding Editor
Paul Oliver , Oxford Brookes University, Oxford

List of Contributors
… Nelson Blanco Manzo is a psychologist and a musicologist specializing in Latin American music. He works as a popular music performer, a composer,
an arranger, a teacher and a music therapist. He is the current president of the IASPM/LA Venezuelan chapter.

Onda Nueva
Onda nueva ( ‘New Wave’ ) is a Venezuelan musical genre created in the early 1970s by noted composer and arranger Aldemaro Romero (1928 – 2007).
Th e appearance of onda nueva was circumstantial: during the recording of a commercial jingle that had similarities to the Venezuelan joropo ‘Araguita ,’ Aldemaro Romero introduced a few important variations which yielded a new genre. His innovations included: the use of rhythms and harmonies from jazz and bossa nova on the piano that were supported by an agile, modern and syncopated bass line executed by Jorge Romero ‘ Romerito ’ ; the creation of a peculiar rhythmic design in 3/4 by drummer Frank Hernández ‘ El pavo
Frank ’ ; and the incorporation of a vocal quartet led by Ali Agüero that off ered original and modern harmonies using contrapuntal vocal lines. The final product was labeled ‘ onda nueva ’ by local radio host and producer Jacques Braunstein, and it represented a new genre of Venezuelan music that sought to give international recognition to the Venezuelan joropo. Hernández developed the basic rhythmic pattern of the onda nueva as a pedagogical exercise (see Example 1).

Example 1: Basic rhythmic pattern of onda nueva

Romero composed a number of pieces in thenew style using fresh, light and jovial lyrics. Among them are ‘ De repente ’ (Suddenly), ‘ Tonta, gafa, boba’
(Dumb, Fool, Silly) and ‘ Doña Mentira ’ (Mrs Lie), as well as new versions in the style of onda nueva of popular songs from Venezuela and other countries. The new genre was promoted through FIDOF
(Federation Internationale des Organisations de Festivals),
which helped organize international festivals of onda nueva in Venezuela for three consecutive years in 1971 – 73. At these festivals, performances
by noted musicians such as Frank Pourcel, Ástor Piazzolla and Amelita Baltar, Esquivel, Juan Gabriel, Armando Manzanero, La Lupe, Tito Puente, Chico
Navarro, Ray Coniff , Elmer Berstein, Dave Grustin, Augusto Algueró, Nino Bravo and Paul Mouriat gave international recognition to the genre. Musicians
invited to these festivals were required to include at least one piece written in the style of onda nueva, a condition that generated many new works. Through these works, composers and performers off ered their
individual and personal interpretations of onda nueva, which gave the genre an international dimension.
A number of works in onda nueva consisted of old or popular songs that were rewritten in the style, which boosted the dissemination of music in this
genre. Noted examples include Monna Bell ’ s onda nueva version of Mexican composer Rubén Fuentes’ s 1964 song ‘ La Bikina,’ and US songwriter Burt Bacharach’s ‘ South American Getaway,’ which was
used in the Oscar-winning fi lm Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969). The box office success and worldwide distribution of this movie introduced the song as well as the genre to a large international
audience.
In the twenty-first century, the influence of onda nueva has continued to be felt and acknowledged, as for example in the 2006 compilation Nueva Onda
Nueva – Electronic Aldemaro, which interprets onda nueva through contemporary electronic styles.

Bibliography
Blanco, Nelson. 2003. Estudio musicológico del ritmo
orquídea [Musicological Study of Ritmo orquídea ].
Unpublished Masters thesis, Universidad Central
de Venezuela, Caracas.

Discographical References
Bell, Monna, and Romero, Aldemaro. ‘ La Bikina. ’ La onda nueva en México. Vampisoul CD 31055. 1970: Mexico.
Nueva onda nueva – Electronic Aldemaro . Discos Venezolanos. 2006 : Venezuela.

Discography
Byrd, Charlie, and Romero, Aldemaro. The New Wave
CBS Columbia. LP C 31025. S/I. 1971 : USA.
Chester, Ilan. Ilan canta onda nueva. Independiente FD2522002461. 2002 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Onda nueva Vols. 1 – 5. Antor. 1970 – 2 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. El fabuloso Aldemaro Romero y su onda nueva. Antor. 1971 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. La onda máxima. Antor. 1972a : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. La onda brava. Antor. 1972b : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Presenta la onda nueva. CBS Columbia. S/I. 1972c : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Aldemaro Romero y su onda nueva. Album ‘ Toma lo que te ofrecí – desde Europa. ’CBS LP DCS-6068. 1974 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Aldemaro Romero y su onda nueva. Album ‘ Una por una. ’Palacio de la Música. LPS-66-365. 1976: Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Onda nueva vocal Vol. 1. Producciones León CD 3003. 1996 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. La onda brava. Sonograma A&R Producciones FD. 4212001521. 2001a : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. La onda máxima. A&R Produccion FD- 4212000520. 2001b : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro. Aldemaro Romero onda nueva.Velvet de Venezuela FD. 2302007801. 2007 : Venezuela.
Romero, Aldemaro, and Bell, Monna. La onda nueva. Sonograma FD. 4212001519. 2001 : Venezuela.

Filmography
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid , dir. George Roy
Hill. 1969. USA. 110 mins. Western/Drama.
NELSON BLANCO MANZO (TRANSLATED BY
PAMELA NARBONA JEREZ)
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